KRIENS, Switzerland:Diabetes is the sixth-leading cause of death in the United States. What goes relatively unnoticed, however, are their respective relationships with oral health.

Periodontitis and diabetes tend to exacerbate one another. Type 2 diabetes is also related to the general inflammatory reaction caused by bacteria associated with periodontitis. Such inflammation can negatively affect the regulation of blood sugar, or glucose.

When blood sugar remains elevated, significant numbers of proteins adhere to the excess sugar that has attached to haemoglobin in red blood cells. This process creates advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Glycation occurs when insulin does not properly metabolise sugars. This then causes blood vessels to become brittle and form plaque. AGEs promote periodontitis by crosslinking fibres of the connective tissue, impairing periodontal wound healing.

What you can do
Oral health professionals understand how microbes affect the entire body and are trained with the clinical skills to address them at the source. Speak to your dentists about how to maintain your oral health.

Source: Dental Tribune International